It is comforting to know that your pet can be remembered and cared for in death just as we would care for a human loved one who has passed away. We find out what to do when your dog dies – whether to have a burial in a pet cemetery, an urn containing your dogs ashes, a plaque in a memorial wall, scattering your dogs ashes somewhere special, and even taxidermy.
What to do when your dog dies? The first thing you need to do when your dog passes away is to decide what you would like to happen to your pet’s remains. Whether your dog dies at home or is euthanised by your vet, you have the right to choose what you would like to do.
Should you wish your dog to be individually cremated or buried in a pet cemetery, your vet can organise this for you and arrange collection of your dog from the vet clinic. Alternately, you can organise this yourself.
Whatever you choose, most service providers will collect your beloved pet from your home. In the case of cremations, they will also return your dog’s ashes to you in a vessel of your choice.
Cremation for dogs
Cremation offers the option of placing your pet’s ashes in an urn or a casket (ashes box) for you to take home. Cremated remains can also be placed in a scatter box and scattered somewhere special.
Pet cemeteries enable you to bury your dog in an individually marked grave with a tombstone or plaque. Alternatively, you can cremate your dog and have the ashes stored in a memorial wall, or have the ashes planted or scattered in a memorial garden.
There are two types of cremation for dogs — cremation by vets (general cremation) or individual cremation:
If you don’t want to have an individual cremation or burial, a vet can take care of your dogs’ remains. In this case, for a fee of around $50 to $100, your vet will organise for your dogs remains to be taken away and cremated with other deceased animals. The ashes will then be disposed of. You will not get the ashes back nor be able to attend the cremation.
Dr Merrin Hicks, a veterinarian from Sydney Animal Hospitals, believes that only 10 to 20 per cent of their clients request a private cremation or burial in a pet cemetery.
“The majority of clients are happy for their dog to be generally cremated. It is not as common to have a private cremation and receive ashes in an urn or something similar. In our experience, burials in pet cemeteries are even rarer,” she said.
Harry Mason from Petrest, a pet cremation business, offers the three standard cremation options available in the industry: a scatter box for scattering ashes, a decorative timber casket (ashes box) for storing ashes, and an urn for storing ashes.
All three options are equally popular and no one product seems to be preferred over the other. It is very much up to the personal preference of the owner, said Mason. Religious beliefs may also play a part in this.
Depending on the business, turnaround time for cremations can be anywhere from two to four days, to two weeks.
Mason said the cremation process at Petrest has a guaranteed turnaround time of two to four days. The entire process is quite simple and hassle free for the owner.
How pet cremation works
Whether your pet dies at home or is euthanised at a vet, we will first come and collect the body. Your pet is then briefly stored and cremated on the premises. We then personally return the ashes to you, he said.
Kathy Girvan of Pet Heaven NQ, a pet cemetery and crematorium in Queensland, says that the actual cremator can vary in make and structure and is usually either gas or oil fired.
The processes remain similar. Identification throughout the process plays a key factor. Once the cremation is complete, ashes are cooled and ground down, prior to placing in the receptacle of choice.
Some cremation companies then provide a certificate of cremation and a poem to go with the ashes, and many also offer grief counselling.
If owners choose to bury their pets in a pet cemetery, they have a range of funeral options available. They can have a wake, a memorial service or a chapel service complete with a viewing of the body, the music of your choice, refreshments and even a poetry reading.
A pet funeral can be very similar to a human funeral, Girvan said.
“About one per cent of our clients choose to have a memorial service. I conduct it and it lasts about 20 minutes. The client can have memorial booklets with prayers and readings, music and an open casket viewing just like a human funeral,” she said.
Girvan said she is also aware of several clients who have had a wake at their home or elsewhere after the burial of their pet.
Despite the cost advantage and practicalities of cremation, Pet cemeteries are another common choice. Families can visit the grave of their pet to pay their respects, just as they would visit a human grave, said Shane McGraw of Animal Memorial Cemetery & Crematorium in Berkshire Park, NSW.
“We have one elderly couple who come out here every week to visit the grave of their pet. Each time they come they have a picnic on the grave. This is not uncommon at all!” he said.
McGraw has seen every type of person bury their pet in his cemetery and claims there is no ‘one’ type of person who chooses this option.
I’ve seen everything from wealthy lawyers in the eastern suburbs to bikies and elderly people. We have pets buried in this cemetery from owners of every nationality, religion and walk of life, he said.
End-of-life costs when your dog dies
Costs for cremations and burial vary widely from company to company and also largely depend on what you want. Cremations can cost anywhere from $200 to $400 or more, and burials can start from around $450.
The average burial is about $700, said McGraw. Some clients will spare no expense for their beloved pet and are willing to pay up to $7000 or $8000 for a funeral, with a memorial service in our chapel and burial in a coffin with a special headstone made of marble.
Cremation: a common option when a dog dies
Cremation appears to be more popular for several reasons. It is generally a cheaper option than burial and many owners also prefer cremation because it enables them to take their dogs ashes with them when they move house.
Some people move house every five or 10 years, so having your dogs remains in an urn or casket enables the owner to take their dog with them when they move, said McGraw. He has even had clients who have had their dogs remains dug up from their garden when the owner had to move house, and then reburied in McGraws pet cemetery or even cremated and placed in an urn.
At Pet Heaven, 78 per cent of clients opt for cremation with return of ashes, said Girvan. Of the remaining 22 per cent, 10 per cent of clients opt for burial in the memorial garden and eight per cent for pet burial. Three per cent opt for ashes buried in the memorial cemetery, and one per cent for scattering of ashes, she said.
Choosing to bury your pet in your own backyard or garden is also an option. No legislation in NSW prohibits this, however the laws may differ from state to state, so it’s a good idea to check with your local council before you plan bury your pet in your garden.
Common sense should also be used when burying a pet at home. For example, in a city such as Melbourne or Sydney, where people have smaller backyards, burying your pet Chihuahua would be quite easy, whereas burying your pet Great Dane may not! You will also not be able to take your pet with you when you move, as you would if you had had it cremated and its ashes kept in an urn.
Another less common and less popular option is taxidermy. In fact, McGraw said he knows of only two taxidermists in New South Wales.
Taxidermy is very uncommon. It is also a long and expensive process that can take up to six months, he said. It is also not everybody’s cup of tea!
Statistics on the industry are hard to find as there is no industry association or central body yet. However, those in the business say less than 100 pet crematoriums are in Australia, and, of that, only about 30 to 40 actually have their own cremator. Most offer a cremation service but undertake cremations through a third party. Pet cemeteries are even more specialised. Less than half a dozen pet cemeteries are in Australia, with only two in New South Wales.
When it comes to the paperwork and formalities, owners should inform their local council. You would also need to inform your insurer (if you had pet insurance) that your pet has passed away, and in turn cancel the policy.
If you had your dog euthanised, you may then be able to submit a claim form to recover the veterinary costs. Owners should note that most policies don’t cover the cost of cremation or burial.
No death certificate is required before cremation or burial and vets do not have to officially pronounce an animal dead or fill out any paperwork.
However, Dr Merrin Hicks from the Sydney Animal Hospitals said vets are required to keep records for at least eight years and that owners can request a copy of their dog’s patient history if they wish.